An Adult and Puppy German Shepherd Running

The German Shepherd – Breed Profile



German Shepherd Dogs are originally from Germany and were bred to be the ultimate herding dog. They were bred specifically for their intelligence, a trait for which they are famous now. These dogs are active, smartest and intelligent and are built for endurance, speed, independent thinking, and obedience. Their courage, strength, fierceness, and gentleness combine to make them a good choice for disciplined families. Many are still used for herding. They are expected to patrol the boundaries to keep sheep from trespassing and damaging the crops.

German Shepherds are a favorite choice for vision, military, service, and police work. Coupled with their strength, this trait makes the breed desirable as police, guard and search and rescue dogs, as they are able to quickly learn various tasks and interpret instructions better than other breeds. Usually trained for scout duty, they are used to warn soldiers to the presence of enemies or of booby traps or other hazards. German Shepherds were used in World War II as messenger dogs, rescue dogs, and personal guard dogs.

The German Shepherd is one of the most widely used breeds in a wide variety of scent-work roles. These include search and rescue, explosives detection, etc. They are suited for these lines of work because of their keen sense of smell and their ability to work regardless of distractions.

Area Of OriginGermany
Date Of OriginThe 1800's
TypeHerding, Gaurding
Height Female - 22 - 24 Inches
Male - 24 - 26 Inches
Weight 75 - 95 lbs
Life Span 8 - 12 Years
Other NamesAlsatian
The average height of a female German Shepherd is 22″ to 24″ and a male German Shepherd is 24″ to 26″. They can weigh up to 75 to 95 lb (35 to 45 kg). They’ve got a reputation for being a great watchdog, which they are, but the German Shepherd should never be chained or tethered just to stand guard. No dog should; it leads to frustration and aggression.


The German shepherd or The Alsatian? Let’s have a look at history.

This breed was named “German Shepherd Dog”, due to its original purpose of assisting shepherds in herding and protecting sheep. At the time, all other herding dogs in Germany were referred to by this name. However, in the World War I, this breed was officially renamed by the UK Kennel Club to “Alsatian Wolf Dog”, after the French region of Alsace bordering Germany. It was believed that the inclusion of the word “German” would harm the breed’s popularity, due to the anti-German sentiment of the era. But the word “Alsatian” was only removed in 2010. Nowadays, many Europeans still call the breed Alsatians.

German Shepherd Face Close up


German Shepherds are medium to large-sized dogs. They are longer than they are tall. Most commonly, they are either tan/black or red/black. Most color varieties have black masks and black body markings which can range from a classic “saddle” to an over-all “blanket.”

They have a domed forehead, a long square-cut muzzle with strong jaws and a black nose. The ears are large and stand erect, open at the front and parallel. The eyes are medium-sized and brown. A German Shepherd has a long neck, which is raised when excited and lowered when moving at a fast pace. The tail is bushy and reaches to the hock. They have a double coat that is close and dense with a thick undercoat.



German Shepherds are active dogs and are described in breed standards as self-assured. The breed has a willingness to learn and an eagerness to have a purpose. Its a curious breed, which makes them excellent guard dogs and suitable for search missions. They can become overprotective of their family and territory, especially if not socialized correctly. They are not inclined to become immediate friends with strangers. German Shepherds are highly intelligent and obedient, as well as protective of their owners.

German Shepherds are a popular selection for use as working dogs. They are known for being easy to train and good for performing tasks and following instructions. They are especially well known for their police work, being used for tracking criminals, patrolling troubled areas and detection and holding of suspects.

These German Shepherds can be aloof and suspicious of strangers. To raise a social and well-behaved dog, expose your German Shepherd puppy to many experiences, places, and people. Obedience training, beginning with puppy classes, is important for getting them used to other people and dogs, as well as teaching them basic canine manners.

This is especially important for the German Shepherd, when left alone, they can become anxious or bored and are likely to express their worry in ways you don’t like, such as barking, chewing, and digging. They are not the breed for you if you’re away from home frequently or for long periods of time.

Consider adopting before you shop for a breeder.

Click Here to read about the Health and Caring Tips for the German Shepherd.

Click Here to know the food fit for the German Shepherd.

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