THE IMPORTANCE OF EXERCISE:
Pugs that live a mostly sedentary life can be prone to obesity, though this is avoidable with regular exercise and a healthy diet. They will happily spend much of the day snuggling on the sofa which, combined with the breed’s fondness for eating, makes obesity a real possibility. The Pug is playful, sturdy, and lively, too, and owners can keep the breed fit with daily opportunities for moderate exercises, such as walks or play sessions in the yard.
All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people do. Pugs are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they’re prone to certain health conditions. Not all Pugs will get any or all of these diseases, but it’s important to be aware of them if you’re considering this breed.
Cheyletiella Dermatitis (Walking Dandruff), Pug Dog Encephalitis: PDE is a fatal inflammatory brain disease that is unique to Pugs. Epilepsy, Nerve Degeneration, Corneal Ulcers, Dry Eye, Eye Problems, Allergies, Demodectic Mange, Staph Infection, Yeast Infection, Hemi-vertebrae, Hip Dysplasia, Legg-Perthes Disease, Patellar Luxation, Vaccination Sensitivity,
Like many small breeds, the Pug often has serious dental problems because their teeth are crowded into their flattened faces making them susceptible to gum disease. It may be necessary to have some retained puppy teeth pulled to allow room for permanent teeth to grow, and Pugs may need more frequent dental cleanings. Regular brushing with a small, soft toothbrush and dog toothpaste helps prevent this.
The Pug’s dark, appealing eyes are one of his main attractions, but also one of his vulnerable spots. Eye problems including corneal ulcers and dry eye have been known to occur. Like all flat-faced breeds, Pugs sometimes experience breathing problems and do poorly in sunny, hot, or humid weather.
Not all of these conditions are detectable in a growing puppy, and it can be hard to predict whether an animal will be free of these maladies. Will your Pug get any or all of these diseases? Not necessarily, but it’s smart to know the possibilities.
Recommended Health Tests from the National Breed Club:
- Hip Evaluation
- Patella Evaluation
- Ophthalmologist Evaluation
- Pug Dog Encephalitis DNA Test
Pugs can be stubborn and difficult to housebreak. The Pug has been bred to be a companion and a pleasure to his owners. He has an even and stable temperament, great charm, and outgoing, loving disposition. Pugs live to please their people, so they are generally easy to train. Their feelings are easily hurt, and harsh training methods should never be used. A Pug wants to be with his family and will be unhappy if he is regularly left alone for long periods. Early socialization and puppy training classes are recommended. Exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences when they’re young helps ensure that your Pug puppy grows up to be a well-rounded dog.
Though playful and rambunctious, the Pug is a low-maintenance companion, making it ideal for older owners. Because they are a small, quiet breed and are relatively inactive when indoors, they are a good choice for apartment dwellers as well.
Pugs need a human constant human companion. If you own a Pug, expect him to follow you around in the house, sit in your lap, and want to sleep in bed with you. Their compact package belies a great deal of energy, so expect to be entertained with some goofy antics if your Pug doesn’t get a walk or some playtime.
They are sensitive to heat and humidity, they can’t tolerate high heat and humidity because of a short muzzle. When your Pug is outdoors, watch him carefully for signs of overheating. Pugs are house dogs and should not be kept outdoors. So if you live in a hot or humid environment, be sure your Pug doesn’t spend too much time outside.
Pugs wheeze, snort, and snore, loudly, light sleepers may also want to invest in a pair of earplugs.
Pugs have a short, double coat, and are known for shedding profusely. If you live with a Pug, it’s a good idea to invest in a quality vacuum cleaner Pugs shed a lot like crazy, especially in summer. Grooming a Pug’s coat is easy. Brush his smooth double coat weekly with a rubber curry brush to remove dead hair. And you will remove lots of it because Pugs shed. A lot. They shed year-round, so it’s something you should expect to live with.
Begin accustoming your Pug to being brushed and examined when he’s a puppy. Handle his paws frequently dogs are touchy about their feet and look inside his mouth. Make grooming a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you’ll lay the groundwork for easy veterinary exams and another handling when he’s an adult.
As you groom, check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin, in the nose, mouth, and eyes, and on the feet. Eyes should be clear, with no redness or discharge. Your careful weekly exam will help you spot potential health problems early.
Bathe the Pug as needed. With the gentle dog shampoos available now, you can bathe a Pug weekly if you want without harming his coat. Following that, regular brushing and bathing help keep the coat in good condition and shedding to a minimum. A monthly bath is sufficient, though some owners bathe their Pugs more frequently.
Regular nail trimming is essential since these house dogs don’t usually wear down their nails outdoors as active breeds do. It’s a good idea to clean the Pug’s ears every few weeks, as well, and brush his teeth often with a vet-approved pet toothpaste for good overall health and fresh breath.