NAME: It is believed that the Pug’s name comes from the Latin word for “fist” because his face resembles a human fist.
Pugs probably originated in China. In ancient times, they were bred to be companions for ruling families in China. The pet Pugs were highly valued by Chinese Emperors. They were brought from China to Europe in the sixteenth century. The breed eventually became popular in European countries as well. They were used by the military to track animals and people and were also employed as guard dogs. Pugs arrived in the United Kingdom and The United States during the nineteenth century and were soon making their way into the family home and the show ring. Pugs later spread to other parts of Asia. The breed has retained its affectionate devotion to its owners since ancient times.
Pug is among the largest of the Toy breeds. Originally bred to be a lap dog, Pug thrives on human companionship. They are lovable dogs and are known for being sociable and gentle companion dogs. They are the happiest when spending time with his human family. According to the owners this breed is the ideal house dog. Pugs are happy in the city or country, with kids or old folks, as an only pet or in a pack. They enjoy their food, and care must be taken to keep them trim. This trait too often leads to obesity, which can add to the already significant health burden these solid little dogs carry. They do best in moderate climates—not too hot, not too cold—but, with proper care, Pugs can be their adorable selves anywhere. They are lively and loves everyone, and their alert nature makes them an excellent watchdog.
|Area Of Origin||China|
|Date Of Origin||1600's|
|Height||10 - 13 Inches|
|Weight||14 - 18 lbs|
|Life Expectancy||12 - 15 Years|
The average height of a Pug is 10 to 13 inches. They weigh between 14 and 18 pounds (male and female). Generally, they are 10 to 14 inches tall at the shoulder. A Pug should ideally weigh no more than 20 pounds. Many weigh more, owing to their begging skills.
The Pug’s motto is the Latin phrase “multum in parvo” (a lot in a little)—an apt description of this small but muscular breed. This is a dog breed with a physically distinctive feature of a wrinkly, short-muzzled face, and a curled tail. Pugs have a square cobby body, a compact form, a deep chest, and well-developed muscle. Their heads are large and round, with large, round eyes. This breed has a fine, glossy coat that comes in a variety of colors, tan, gray, and black, most often fawn or black with a black mask accenting his sweetly wrinkled face. The moles on a Pug’s cheeks are called “beauty spots.” His muzzle or mask is black, with a clearly defined “thumb mark” on the forehead and a black trace down the center of the back. The tail normally curls tightly over the hip.
Pugs’ legs are strong, straight, of moderate length, and are set well under. Their shoulders are moderately laid back. Their ankles are strong, their feet are small, their toes are well split-up, and their nails are black. The lower teeth normally protrude further than their upper, resulting in an under-bite.
Pugs have two distinct shapes for their ears, “rose” and “button”. “Rose” ears are smaller than the standard style of “button” ears and are folded with the front edge against the side of the head. Breeding preference goes to “button” style ears. His ears are smooth, black, and velvety
|GROOMING||PET FRIENDLY||INTELLIGENT||WEATHER TOLERABILITY||GENERAL HEALTH|
|AFFECTION LEVEL||STRANGER FRIENDLY||TRAINABILITY|
|CHILD FRIENDLY||ENERGY LEVEL|
Personality-wise, Pugs are happy and affectionate, loyal and charming, playful, and mischievous. They are very intelligent, however, they can be willful, which makes training challenging. The Pug’s comical face, with deep wrinkles around big, dark eyes and a flat round face, can’t help but make you smile. Don’t expect a Pug to hunt, guard, or retrieve. They were bred to be companions, and that’s exactly what they do best.
Pugs are strong-willed but rarely aggressive and they love kids. Though small, the Pug is not delicate like some toy breeds, so he is a good breed choice for families with children. However, children who want an active pet to retrieve balls or play soccer will be disappointed with a Pug. Adults should always supervise interactions between children and pets. Properly trained and socialized, the Pug enjoys the companionship of dogs and can be trusted with cats, rabbits, and other animals.
While Pugs can be good watchdogs, they aren’t inclined to be “yappy,” something your neighbors will appreciate. Because they are a small, quiet breed and are relatively inactive when indoors, they are a good choice for apartment dwellers. Due to the flat shape of the Pug’s face, he does not do well in extremely hot or cold weather and should be kept indoors.
Depending on their owner’s mood, they can be quiet and docile but also vivacious and teasing. Pugs tend to be intuitive and sensitive to the moods of their owners and are usually eager to please them. Pugs are playful and thrive on human companionship. They also tend to have a snoozy nature and spend a lot of time napping. This breed snores and snorts, a by-product of his flat face. Learn to think of the noise as a lullaby.
Pugs are often called “shadows” because they follow their owners around and like to stay close to the action, craving attention and affection from their owners.
Pugs are clowns at heart. They are playful dogs, ready and able for games, but they are also lovers and must be close to their humans. Pugs love to be the center of attention is very unhappy if his devotion isn’t reciprocated. They tend to be a sedentary dog, content to sit in your lap as you read a book or watch a movie. This doesn’t mean the Pug is a stick-in-the-mud. He is a playful, comical dog that enjoys living it up, and delights his owner with silly antics.
Temperament is affected by several factors, including heredity, training, and socialization. Puppies with nice temperaments are curious and playful, willing to approach people and be held by them. If you’re careful to mind his special needs, the Pug is an easy-care pet. Because of his great love for people, care should be taken to accustom your Pug to being alone so he doesn’t develop excessive anxiety when left behind.
Don’t let his worried, wrinkled little face fool you: The Pug is laughing inside. He’s laughing at you and with you and he’s also trying to make you laugh. These dogs live for fun, which is the secret to their enduring popularity.